Dutch Girl First to Die After COVID-19 Reinfection

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Oct. 14, 2020 — An 89-year-old girl from the Netherlands has grow to be the primary particular person recognized to die after catching COVID-19 a second time.

It’s unclear how consultant her case could also be. The lady was present process chemotherapy for blood cancer. The remedy is thought to decrease the immune system’s skill to perform.

Throughout her first bout with COVID-19, she was hospitalized with fever and extreme cough. After 5 days, her signs eased and he or she was discharged. About 2 months later, and simply 2 days after getting a chemotherapy remedy, she developed a fever, cough, and issue breathing.

Blood exams taken on days 4 and 6 of her an infection detected no coronavirus antibodies. Antibodies are proteins made by the immune system that bind to a virus, stopping it from docking onto cells. Her second an infection with COVID-19 was extra extreme, and he or she died about 2 weeks later.

Gene exams discovered slight variations within the make-up of the viruses that prompted her first and second infections, suggesting she had caught COVID-19 twice.

How lengthy pure immunity towards COVID-19 might final is an open query. A latest examine from Iceland discovered that antibodies to coronavirus don’t appear to say no for at the least 4 months after an infection. Research of other forms of seasonal coronaviruses have proven that folks can get reinfected with these inside 6 months, and extra generally after a couple of yr.

Meanwhile, in the U.S., a 25-year-old man from Nevada and a 42-year-old man in Virginia skilled second bouts of COVID-19 about 2 months after they examined constructive the primary time. Gene exams present each males had two barely totally different strains of the virus, suggesting that they caught the an infection twice.

Researchers say these are the primary documented circumstances of COVID-19 reinfection within the U.S. About two dozen different circumstances of COVID-19 reinfection have been reported across the globe, from Hong Kong, Belgium, the Netherlands, India, and Ecuador. A 3rd U.S. case, in a 60-year-old in Washington, has been reported however hasn’t but been peer reviewed.

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