EDITED by Marlene
Between January and June, researchers have published greater than 23,000 distinctive articles referring to COVID-19. However few, mentioned the authors of a brand new examine about new child infants and their moms, have addressed this query: Can pregnant girls infect their infants?
These researchers checked out case information for 101 newborns delivered to moms with COVID-19 at two New York Metropolis hospitals (Columbia College Irving Medical Middle and NewYork-Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Youngsters’s Hospital) between March 13 and April 24, 2020. They printed their outcomes Oct. 12 in JAMA Pediatrics .
Can Youngsters Be Born With COVID-19?
The priority, mentioned the authors, is that different varieties of viruses may be handed from mom to her new child.
Up to now, the proof means that it’s unlikely a girl who examined constructive for COVID-19 would move the an infection to her new child. Of the infants studied, solely two had been contaminated with the virus. The researchers couldn’t verify whether or not the an infection occurred earlier than or after start, however all 101 of the infants remained wholesome throughout a two-week followup interval.
What About Bonding?
Shut contact, particularly skin-to-skin, has been shown to promote healthy development in infants. Might this be allowed beneath COVID-19 security requirements?
The examine outcomes confirmed no downside, as long as the precise security measures are in place. Senior writer Cynthia Gyamfi-Bannerman, MD, a maternal-fetal specialist and professor in obstetrics and gynecology at Columbia College Vagelos School of Physicians and Surgeons, shared the team’s methodology in a news release:
“Throughout the pandemic, we continued to do what we usually do to advertise bonding and growth in wholesome newborns, whereas taking a couple of additional precautions to attenuate the chance of publicity to the virus.”
These “additional precautions” had been acquainted ones. Each direct contact and breastfeeding had been permitted, however mask-wearing was required, alongside washing fingers and breasts earlier than contact. Social distancing measures had been additionally put in place: Infants who stayed of their moms’ rooms rested in cribs spaced six toes away from the dad or mum.
The examine questioned earlier steerage that has warned towards parent-child contact out of an abundance of warning. Lead writer Dani Dumitriu, MD, PhD, assistant professor of pediatrics in psychiatry on the Columbia medical faculty, and a pediatric new child hospitalist at NewYork-Presbyterian, had issues about this cautious strategy.
“These suggestions had been made within the absence of knowledge on charges of mother-to-newborn SARS-CoV-2 transmission and are based mostly on expertise with mother-newborn transmission of different infectious ailments,” she acknowledged within the press launch. “… A few of the suggestions battle with what we all know in regards to the developmental advantages of early breastfeeding and skin-to-skin contact. Our examine reveals that these measures might not be vital for wholesome newborns with COVID-positive mothers.”
The Take Dwelling
Whereas COVID-19 is an especially contagious illness, current analysis means that the chance of a mom passing it to her new child is minimal. The identical security measures utilized in every day life must be sufficient to mitigate any threat.
As Dr. Gyamfi-Bannerman put it: “Our findings ought to reassure expectant moms with COVID-19 that fundamental infection-control measures throughout and after childbirth–such as carrying a masks and fascinating in breast and hand hygiene when holding or breastfeeding a baby–protected newborns from an infection on this collection.”